Those who have an "unhealthy obsession" with otherwise healthy eating may be suffering from "orthorexia nervosa," a term which literally means "fixation on righteous eating." (NEDA.) Orthorexia starts out as an innocent attempt to eat more healthfully, but orthorexics become fixated on food quality and purity. They become solely concerned with the quality of the food they put in their bodies, refining and restricting their diets according to their personal understanding of which foods are truly 'pure'. They become consumed with what and how much to eat, and how to deal with "slip-ups."
An iron-clad will is needed to maintain this rigid eating style. Every day is a chance to eat right, be "good," rise above others in dietary prowess, and self-punish if temptation wins (usually through stricter eating, fasts and exercise). Self-esteem becomes wrapped up in the purity of orthorexics' diets and they sometimes feel superior to others, especially in regard to food intake.
Eventually food choices become so restrictive, in both variety and calories, that health is compromised — an ironic twist for a person so completely dedicated to healthy eating. Eventually, the obsession with healthy eating can crowd out other activities and interests, impair relationships, and become physically dangerous. The focus may turn into a fixation so extreme that it can lead to severe malnutrition or even death.
Orthorexia differs from other eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, where people focus on the quantity of food eaten rather than the quality of the food.
Following a healthy diet does not mean you are orthorexic, and nothing is wrong with eating healthfully.
Vegetarian, vegan, low-carb, raw, paleo — all claim to be the "ideal" diet, and adherents preach the benefits with the conviction of religious converts. But the current obsession with "clean" or "healthy" eating can have very unhealthy consequences. Mirasol clinicians gathered to talk about the roots of orthorexia, how it differs from anorexia, and the red flags that help health professionals and family members distinguish between selective or "picky eating" and an eating disorder.
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Orthorexia nervosa is characterized by:
If yes was answered to two or more questions, you may have a mild case of orthorexia.
An obsession for healthy foods could come from a number of sources such as family habits, societal trends, economic problems, recent illness, or even just hearing something negative about a food type or group, which then leads them to ultimately eliminate the food or foods from their diet.
Orthorexia appears to be motivated by health. There are underlying motivations however, which can include:
Treatment begins with a safe and supportive environment that is found only in a small, holistic treatment center such as Mirasol. The staff at Mirasol is caring and compassionate and understand the difficulties that the client is facing and help the client delve into the underlying issues that contribute to orthorexic thoughts and beheaviors.
Orthorexia is generally treated with psychotherapy or medication.
1At Mirasol medications are very carefully prescribed and generally only for short periods of time.